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談新時期高校音樂教學改革與創新

熱度0票  瀏覽34次 時間:2018年10月08日 09:36

  【摘要】在時代不斷變革發展的背景下,將全面發展的教育理念融入到學生的教育培養中已然成為各高校教育現如今最新的課題。對此,我國各高校在日常的學生教育培養中除了要重視學生文化素質、身體素質、心理素質等方面的培養之外,也應給予學生自身藝術素質的培養充足的重視。近年來,音樂教學開始作為一種典型的藝術教育形式被廣泛應用在我國高校的學生教育培養中,并在學生的藝術素質提升方面發揮了至關重要的作用。但由于教學的理念和方式等與現階段的教學需求并不相適應,使得高校音樂教學的質量和效果并無法達到預計的目標,因此對音樂教學進行改革與創新已然成為全面發展理念下的教育新要求。
  【關鍵詞】高校;音樂教育;改革與創新;藝術素質;全面發展【中圖分類號】G642 【文獻標識碼】A
  近年來,隨著全面發展教育理念的不斷深入,我國高校越發重視學生自身藝術素質的培養,并充分將音樂教學融入到了學生的教育培養中,但由于受傳統教育理念的影響,我國高校的音樂教師在教學過程中仍采用以往的教學和評價方式,且學校也忽視了對相關的音樂教學設備進行完善,因此我國現階段仍有大多數高校的音樂教學無法達到預計的水平與效果。對此,針對我國高校的音樂教學進行改革與創新已然勢在必行,就目前來看,要切實有效地培養學生的藝術素質促進他們自身的全面發展并提高他們的市場適應能力,主要可采用以下幾種方式來對音樂教學進行改革與創新。
  一、對音樂教學的理念進行改革與創新
  以往我國高校的音樂教學教師在教學中僅重視相關音樂知識和技能的傳授,忽視了對學生實踐應用能力的培養,因此學生自身的知識能力往往并不適應市場的發展需求。且由于受傳統教學理念的影響,我國高校的音樂教師在教學過程中也忽視了學生學習的主觀能動性,學生學習過程過于被動也影響了教學的效果。對此,要切實有效提高高校音樂教學的質量,首先就要求高校的音樂教師在教學過程中能改革與創新自身的教學理念,在實際的教學過程中給予學生學習主觀能動性充足的重視,以充分有效地對學生學習的興趣加以激發,進而促使學生更加積極主動地參與到音樂的學習中。尤其是在時代不斷變革發展的當今社會,高校的音樂教師更應轉變自身的教學理念,明確自身在課堂中的引導地位,確保能為學生構建更加和諧的課堂氛圍來強化他們的音樂素質。
  二、對音樂教學的方式進行改革與創新
  就目前來看,傳統的音樂教學方式已然無法適應時代經濟飛速發展背景下我國市場的實際需求,并且在學生的發展方面有著一定的限制,因此對音樂教學的方式進行改革與創新在現階段也顯得十分必要。一方面,高校的音樂教師在教學過程中要對學生的實際的情況與性格特征進行深入的分析,進而以此為依據在教學過程中合理地對教學內容與教學方式進行選擇,從根本上提高教學的針對性來促進學生的音樂水平得到有效的提升;另一方面,音樂作為一種獨特的藝術形式往往對學生的實踐應用能力和創新能力有著較高的要求,因此在實際的教學過程中教師也必須要重視對學生這兩方面的能力進行培養。與此同時,要對教學的方式進行改革與創新,還要求教師能轉變以往的評價方式,采用更加多元化的方式來提高教學評價的全面性。
  三、對學校的音樂教學設備進行完善
  完善的英語教學設備是確保音樂教學質量的基礎,因此要切實有效地促進高校音樂教學的改革與創新也要求學校能對音樂教學的設備進行完善。就目前來看,隨著高校的不斷擴招,我國高校現有音樂教學設備的數量已然無法適應現有的學生的數量,這往往在一定程度上對高校音樂教學的質量造成了限制。作為音樂教學開展最為重要的物質保障,音樂教學設備不僅對音樂教學有著一定的輔助作用,同時還對英語教學的有效性有著較為直接的影響。而要切實有效地提高學生自身的音樂素質和音樂水平,除了需要課堂的教學之外,還要求學生利用課余的時間來進行實踐練習,這往往就要求學校能配備充足的練習室。因此,我國各高校就必須加大資金投入來對音樂教學的設備設施進行完善。
  四、對音樂教學的師資隊伍進行優化完善
  高校音樂教師自身的職業素養和專業水平往往對音樂教學的質量有著直接的影響,因此要對高校的音樂教學進行改革與創新也要求能對音樂教學的師資隊伍進行優化與完善。首先,近年來我國高校不斷擴招,現有的師資數量已然無法適應不斷整張的學生數量的需求,不僅在一定程度上給音樂教師帶來了一定的壓力,同時也影響了音樂教學的整體質量。基于此,我國高校就必須針對音樂教學的改革與創新對學校音樂教師的數量進行補充,并通過嚴格的招聘方式來確保音樂教師的整體質量;其次,為提高教師自身的音樂教學水平,我國各高校還必須要重視對現有的音樂師資資源進行強化的教育培養,以提高他們自身的職業素質和專業水平,進而從根本上提高他們自身的音樂教學水平。
  五、結語
  綜上所述,對高校的音樂教學進行改革與創新是一項系統且復雜的過程,不僅要求學校能給予其充足的重視以對校內的音樂教學設備進行完善,并對音樂教師的專業水平進行強化培養,還要求教師在教學過程中能轉變自身的教學理念,確保根據實際的市場與教學需求來對教學與評價的方式進行改革與創新,以從根本上提高我國高校音樂教學的效率來強化高校學生自身的音樂素質,進而有效促進學生的全面發展,并提高他們自身在市場的適應能力。
  參考文獻
  [1]潘瑾,許冬冬.新形勢下高校音樂教學的實踐與創新[J].藝術品鑒,2016(09).
  [ 2 ] 棘彥焱. 論高校音樂教育中流行音樂的應用[ J ] . 大眾文藝,2015(22).
  [3]黃素一.普通高校音樂教育的發展方向[J].藝海,2016(10).
  作者簡介:宋柏汶(1982—),男,山東人,湖南省邵陽學院音樂系講師,本科,研究方向:聲樂美聲。



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