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英文繪本引入幼師專業英語課堂教學研究

熱度0票  瀏覽49次 時間:2019年6月03日 09:04
【摘要】英文繪本就是將繪畫和英文文字有機結合的書籍。
  研究表明英語繪本中唯美的圖片和簡潔生動的文字有機結合能快速吸引低幼兒的注意力,培養他們的英語閱讀興趣,帶給孩子們良好的英語閱讀體驗。筆者嘗試將英文繪本引入漢江師范學院學院幼師專業英語課堂教學,通過教學實踐發現英語繪本課堂教學形式生動活潑,不僅能夠提高學生的英語學習能力而且對他們將來從業后的幼兒英語教學有極大的幫助。
  【關鍵詞】英文繪本 幼師 教學
  一、引言
  英文繪本English Picture Books就是以繪畫為主,并附有英語文字的書籍。英語繪本將唯美的圖片視覺影像和引人入勝的文字融為一體,將閱讀者引入一個閱讀主題,身臨其境的感受故事的含義。據調查,繪本閱讀不僅可以培養兒童的想象力,在閱讀中潛移默化提高他們的閱讀和學習能力,同時提升和發展兒童的審美能力和認知能力,使兒童的情商和智商并行發展。繪本的發展始于20世紀50年代的日本,并在全球推廣。本世紀,我國也逐漸掀起英語繪本閱讀熱潮。目前市面上的英文繪本的目標對象以低幼兒群體為主,具有兒童性、圖文合一性、節奏性、語料真實性以及接近兒童生活經驗的特點,其內容涉及文化、科普、教育等方面。
  漢江師范學院(原鄖陽師范高等專科學校)教育二系于2011年開始招收五年制學前教育學生。旨在培養掌握系統的學前教育專業知識和專業技能,能在學前教育機構從事保教實踐、管理的應用型人才。為了提高學生從業后的幼兒英語教學能力,筆者在教學過程中嘗試引入英文繪本教學,發現英語繪本教學的引入對提高學生積極性,轉變傳統的教學理念,實現教學合一有著良好的效果。
  二、英語繪本在幼教學生中的教學現狀。
  筆者曾在幼師學生中開展了一項調查,調查目的旨在了解學生對英語繪本的認識和了解。調查發現:受傳統英語教學的制約,大多數學生不知道什么是英語繪本,他們在平時的學習生活中幾乎沒有接觸過繪本。很多同學對于繪本的了解僅僅停留在圖畫書的層面;95%以上的學生沒有閱讀過原版的英語繪本,更不知道如何將英語繪本引入未來的教學之中。英語繪本引入幼師英語教學課堂之路任重而道遠。
  三、英語繪本有助于降低閱讀難度,提高閱讀興趣。
  低幼兒階段的孩子因受英語詞匯量的制約,對于純文本的閱讀無法理解,極易對英語學習產生消極抵觸情感。英語繪本的節奏型和有效編排能極大降低孩子們的閱讀難度,提高他們的閱讀興趣。教學中筆者以美國作家Bill Martin Jr.的原版英語繪本Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?為教學內容。該繪本插畫色調鮮明活潑,情節簡單,簡單重復的韻謠式英文句式短小,朗朗上口。“Brown bear, brown bear,what do you see?”“I see a red bird looking at me.”“Redbird, red bird, what do you see?”“I see a yellow duck lookingat me”……隨著這樣一問一答的句子、重復的韻律與節奏,一本充滿各種動物與色彩的圖畫書慢慢展開,孩子們在圖片的引領下不知不覺掌握了英語中各類顏色(red, brown, yellow,purple, white, black, green, blue…)以及動物名稱(bear, duck,bird ,sheep, dog ,cat, frog, horse… )的表達方法。
  四、繪本英語能夠有效培養英語語感。
  英語語感對英語教學和運用起著非常重要的作用。兒童英語語感的啟蒙從節奏和韻律開始,并在反復使用和感受中對語言形成一種直覺,這就是英語的語感。繪本Brown bear,brown bear, what do you see?中簡明的韻律節奏訓練始終貫徹聽說讀的每一個環節。每頁中作者重復使用句型“What doyou see?”“I see a…”。孩子們開始可能并不理解這兩個句型的意思,但是在類似chant的語言模仿訓練中,他們能逐漸體會并領悟到其中“你看到了什么?”“我看到了一個…”
  的含義。這些簡短的口語訓練朗朗上口,便于誦讀和自然記憶,有助于幫助孩子們形成良好的語感。
  五、英語繪本能潛移默化中提升學生的閱讀技能。
  由于受語言知識儲備含量低的制約,低幼兒對于英語閱讀理解多借助圖片及上下文的聯系以及自身的閱讀經驗和老師的提示對閱讀材料進行猜測、略讀、甚至是跳讀來對閱讀材料進行理解判斷和領悟。這種推測判斷的英語閱讀能力能夠激發學生運用已儲備的知識的潛力去理解領悟新知識,調動他們的英語學習積極性。借助繪本的圖片,孩子們很容易推斷出文中單詞的含義:horse-馬、purple-紫色、goldfish-金魚、frog-青蛙、children-孩子們等。通過英文繪本閱讀,逐步訓練孩子們在圖片的引領下能夠自己去領悟大量的英語詞匯和句型,這對培養英語思維能力,提升英語閱讀能力大有裨益。
  六、結語
  筆者通過對英文繪本引入幼師英語課堂教學的調查發現,英文繪本簡單明快的畫風、充滿童趣的文字表達以及貼近幼兒生活的主題故事能有效提高低幼兒童的英語閱讀能力,培養英語語感,提升他們的閱讀技能和英語學習興趣。
  今后在幼師英語教學中應該加大推廣英語繪本教學。
  參考文獻:
  [1]Eric Carle,Martin Jr.Brown Bear,Brown Bear,What Do YouSee[M]US:MacMillan.
  [2]楊鴻,程麗,徐思思.鄖陽師范高等專科學校五年制學前教育專業英語學習現狀調查及分析報告[J].佳木斯教育學院學報,2014(06).
  [3]趙益.小學低年級英語繪本閱讀教學實踐研究[D].上海:上海師范大學,2015.
  【基金項目】鄖陽師范高等專科學校2013年校級教研項目(項目編號2013030)。



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